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PCOS: What You Need to Know About the Common Hormonal Disorder(Medication Review)

PCOS: What You Need to Know About the Common Hormonal Disorder(Medication Review)

What is Polycystic Ovary Syndrome?

Many women of reproductive age are affected by the prevalent hormonal disease known as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). Numerous symptoms, such as irregular periods, acne, weight gain, and excessive hair growth. 

Causes of PCOS

Although the precise origin of PCOS is unknown, it is believed to be connected to a hormonal imbalance, particularly with regard to androgens (male hormones) and insulin. Androgen levels in PCOS-afflicted women are frequently higher than average, which can contribute to signs like acne and uncontrollable hair growth. Additionally, they frequently have higher insulin levels, which raises the risk of developing diabetes and weight gain.

Symptoms of PCOS

PCOS symptoms might differ from person to person, however some of the more prevalent ones are as follows:

Irregular periods: Women with PCOS frequently experience irregular menstrual cycles, which can make it difficult to predict the start of a period.

  • Acne: PCOS can cause acne, particularly on the face and upper body.
  • Weight gain: Weight gain, especially around the waist, is a problem for many PCOS-affected women.
  • Excessive hair growth: PCOS can cause an excessive amount of hair to develop, especially on the face, chest, and back.
  • Hair loss: PCOS can also cause hair, particularly on the scalp.
  • Darkened skin: Some women with PCSO develop dark patches of skin, particularly on the neck and underarms.


The management of your concerns is the main goal of PCOS treatment. This could involve obesity, hirsutism, acne, or infertility. Depending on the condition, medication or lifestyle adjustments may be necessary.

Lifestyle changes

Your health care could advise losing weight by following a low-calorie diet and engaging in moderate exercise. Your condition could be improved even slightly by decreasing a small amount of weight, like 5% of your total body weight. Losing weight can assist with infertility and may boost the effectiveness of PCOS drugs prescribed by your doctor. You can decide on the ideal weight-loss strategy with the help of your doctor and a qualified dietician.


There are medications to control menstrual cycles, lower testosterone levels, and resolve skin problems.

It’s important to consult a doctor for a proper diagnosis and to determine the most appropriate medication and treatment plan for an individual’s specific needs and medical history.

Treatment for infertility 

Women with PCOS who are attempting to get pregnant may be given fertility drugs such as clomiphene citrate or gonadotropins to trigger ovulation.


Laparoscopic ovarian drilling surgery, which removes ovarian cysts, may be advised in specific circumstances.

It’s important to work with a healthcare professional to choose the best course of treatment for you.

In conclusion, PCOS is a widespread hormonal condition that affects a lot of women who are fertile. It is believed that a hormonal imbalance, particularly one involving androgens and insulin, is what causes its symptoms, which can differ from person to person. The most effective treatment strategy for you will be determined in collaboration with a healthcare specialist. Treatment usually entails a combination of medication and lifestyle modifications.
Visit Montgomery Pharmacy for more information.

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